The Museum of Modern Art (MoMA)
is an art museum located in Midtown Manhattan in New York City. The museum is often considered a rival to the Metropolitan Museum of Art.
MoMA was designed by the modernist architect Edward Durell Stone and first opened to the public on November 7, 1929. Considered by many to have the best collection of modern masterpieces in the world, it houses such important works as:
by Vincent van Gogh
Les Demoiselles d'Avignon by Pablo Picasso
The Persistence of Memory
by Salvador Dali
Broadway Boogie Woogie by Piet Mondrian
Water Lilies triptych by Claude Monet
Dance by Henri Matisse
The Bather by Paul Cézanne
Self-Portrait With Cropped Hair by Frida Kahlo
It also holds works by leading American artists such as Jackson Pollock
, Jasper Johns
, Edward Hopper
, Andy Warhol, Chuck Close, and Ralph Bakshi. MoMA developed a world-renowned art photography collection, first under Edward Steichen and then John Szarkowski, as well as an important film collection under the Museum of Modern Art Department of Film and Video. MoMA also has an important design collection, which includes works from such legendary designers as Paul Laszlo, the Eameses, Isamu Noguchi, and George Nelson.
MoMA's Midtown location underwent extensive renovations in the 2000s, closing on May 21, 2002 and reopening to the public in a building redesigned by the Japanese architect Yoshio Taniguchi on November 20, 2004. From June 29, 2002 until September 27, 2004, a portion of its collection was on display in what was dubbed "MoMA QNS", a former Swingline staple factory in Long Island City, Queens. MoMA's reopening brought controversy as its admission cost increased from US$12 to US$20, making it one of the most expensive museums in the city; however it retains its "pay what you wish" policy on Fridays after 4 p.m., due to sponsorship from Target Stores.